60 Academic Language Function Toolkit

Academic languagefunctionstoolkit
Academic languagefunctionstoolkit from www.slideshare.net


In today's fast-paced and competitive academic environment, effective communication is key to success. Whether you are a student, researcher, or educator, having a strong command of academic language is essential. Academic language refers to the specialized vocabulary, phrases, and writing conventions used in scholarly settings. To help you navigate the intricacies of academic language, we have put together an academic language function toolkit. This toolkit will equip you with the necessary tools to express your ideas clearly, persuasively, and academically.

1. Defining Academic Language

1.1 What is academic language?

Academic language encompasses the specific vocabulary, grammar, and writing conventions used in educational and research contexts.

1.2 Why is academic language important?

Academic language is crucial for effective communication in academia, as it allows scholars to convey complex ideas with precision and clarity.

2. Functions of Academic Language

2.1 Describing

Academic language allows you to provide detailed and accurate descriptions of concepts, theories, and phenomena.

2.2 Analyzing

Through academic language, you can critically examine and evaluate information, theories, and arguments.

2.3 Comparing and Contrasting

Academic language enables you to highlight similarities and differences between different ideas, theories, or approaches.

2.4 Defining

With academic language, you can provide clear and concise definitions of key terms and concepts.

2.5 Explaining

Academic language allows you to provide thorough and well-supported explanations of complex ideas or processes.

2.6 Arguing

Academic language helps you present a compelling and well-reasoned argument, supported by evidence and logical reasoning.

2.7 Summarizing

Through academic language, you can succinctly summarize the main points or findings of a text or research study.

2.8 Synthesizing

Academic language allows you to combine information from multiple sources to create a comprehensive and cohesive understanding of a topic.

2.9 Evaluating

Academic language enables you to assess the credibility, reliability, and validity of sources or research studies.

2.10 Persuading

With academic language, you can persuade your audience to accept your viewpoint or argument, using logical reasoning and evidence.

3. Key Strategies for Developing Academic Language Skills

3.1 Reading Widely

Engage with a variety of academic texts to familiarize yourself with different styles of academic language.

3.2 Building Vocabulary

Expand your academic vocabulary by actively learning and using new words and phrases in your writing and speaking.

3.3 Practicing Writing

Regularly engage in writing activities, such as essays, research papers, or journal entries, to refine your academic writing skills.

3.4 Seeking Feedback

Share your writing or speaking with peers, professors, or mentors to receive constructive feedback and improve your academic language skills.

3.5 Attending Academic Workshops

Participate in workshops or seminars that focus on academic writing, speaking, and language skills to enhance your abilities.

3.6 Utilizing Language Resources

Make use of academic language resources, such as dictionaries, style guides, and language learning apps, to further develop your skills.

4. Incorporating Academic Language in Writing

4.1 Using Formal Register

Adopt a formal tone and style of writing to convey your ideas in an academic manner.

4.2 Employing Discipline-Specific Terminology

Use specialized vocabulary and terminology that is specific to your field of study to demonstrate your expertise.

4.3 Citing and Referencing

Accurately cite and reference your sources using a recognized citation style, such as APA or MLA, to give credit to the original authors and avoid plagiarism.

4.4 Structuring Your Writing

Organize your writing into clear and coherent paragraphs, sections, and headings to guide your readers through your arguments or ideas.

4.5 Using Signposting Language

Employ phrases and words that indicate the structure of your writing, such as "firstly," "in addition," or "in conclusion," to help your readers follow your train of thought.

4.6 Avoiding Informal Language

Avoid using colloquial or slang terms in your academic writing, as they undermine the credibility and formality of your work.

4.7 Proofreading and Editing

Thoroughly review your writing for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors, as well as clarity and coherence, before submitting your work.

5. Enhancing Academic Language in Speaking

5.1 Active Listening

Listen actively to academic presentations, lectures, or discussions to familiarize yourself with the language used in your field of study.

5.2 Participating in Academic Discussions

Engage in academic discussions or seminars to practice expressing your ideas using academic language.

5.3 Using Formal Language

Adopt a formal and professional tone when speaking in academic settings, such as conferences or seminars.

5.4 Engaging in Oral Presentations

Prepare and deliver oral presentations using academic language to effectively communicate your research or findings.

5.5 Seeking Opportunities for Language Practice

Look for opportunities to practice your academic language skills, such as joining study groups or participating in language exchange programs.


Mastering academic language is a crucial skill for success in academia. By understanding the various functions of academic language and implementing key strategies to develop your skills, you can effectively communicate your ideas, analyze information, and engage in scholarly conversations. Use this academic language function toolkit as a guide to enhance your proficiency in academic language and achieve your academic goals.